In October 2010, India set up a dedicated environmental court with an ambitious mandate. Officially named the National Green Tribunal, or NGT, it was tasked with the responsibility to provide “speedy environmental justice” by adjudicating cases relating to environmental protection, conservation of forests and other natural resources, as well as providing relief and compensation to people adversely affected by industrial accidents. It started with four regional branches across the country and a principal bench in the national capital.
This was a momentous decision—only two other countries in the world (Australia and New Zealand) had such a specialized environmental court at the time.
More than a decade since, however, the NGT